volubilis is commonly sold to tourists as a site of roman ruins, but ustaath shoup III kindly informed us all that they are in fact berber ruins. these mosaics were ordered by rich patrician families from ancient roman catalogues. they’d point at pictures, and then get all the mosaic pieces delivered to al-maghrib. to put the mosaic together, they’d fill in each piece with its matching numbers according to a chart, similar to those paint-by-numbers books i loved so much as a kid. you can tell how wealthy a family was by checking out how elaborate their mosaics were, whether they had glass or not (glass = $), whether the glass was colored or not (plain glass = $$, turquoise glass = $$$!), and what images were depicted in the mosaics (inclusion of berber symbols = more local/less roman/not considered cool in the Empire).